Colon cancer is a type of cancer that affects the large intestine. It is the third most common cancer worldwide and is usually diagnosed in people over the age of 50. If detected early, colon cancer is often curable, but if left untreated, it can spread to other parts of the body and become life-threatening. Here are the common symptoms and treatments for colon cancer.
Symptoms of colon cancer:
Abdominal pain or discomfort
Changes in bowel habits (e.g. diarrhea or constipation)
Blood in stool
Unexpected weight loss
Treatment for colon cancer:
Surgery: removal of the cancerous portion of the colon is the most common treatment for colon cancer.
Chemotherapy: drugs are used to kill cancer cells and shrink tumors.
Radiation therapy: high-energy rays are used to shrink or destroy cancer cells.
Targeted therapy: drugs are used to target specific molecules or genes in cancer cells to slow or stop their growth.
Immunotherapy: drugs are used to boost the body’s immune system to help fight cancer.
It is important to see a doctor if you experience any symptoms of colon cancer. Early detection and treatment can greatly increase the chances of a full recovery. Regular screening tests, such as colonoscopies, are also recommended for people at increased risk of colon cancer.
In conclusion, colon cancer is a serious condition that can be treated if detected early. It is important to be aware of the symptoms and to seek prompt medical attention if they occur. Regular screening tests can also help detect colon cancer early, so make sure to talk to your doctor about the best screening plan for you.