Endometrial cancer is a type of cancer that starts in the inner lining of the uterus, also known as the endometrium. This type of cancer is the most common type of uterine cancer and is usually diagnosed in women who are post-menopausal or in their late 50s. Endometrial cancer can cause a range of symptoms and can be treated through various methods, including surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy.
Symptoms of endometrial cancer:
Abnormal vaginal bleeding: One of the most common symptoms of endometrial cancer is abnormal vaginal bleeding. This can range from light spotting to heavy, prolonged bleeding. If you experience abnormal vaginal bleeding, it is important to seek medical attention immediately.
Pelvic pain: Endometrial cancer can cause pelvic pain, especially in advanced stages of the disease. This pain may be a dull ache or a sharp pain and can be accompanied by other symptoms like fatigue and weight loss.
Discharge: A discharge from the vagina that is yellow, green, or brown in color may be a sign of endometrial cancer. This discharge may also have a foul odor.
Bloating: Endometrial cancer can cause bloating in the pelvic area, making you feel full and uncomfortable.
Loss of appetite: Endometrial cancer can cause loss of appetite, resulting in weight loss. This can be a sign of advanced stages of the disease.
Fatigue: Endometrial cancer can cause fatigue, making it difficult to perform everyday activities.
Nausea: Nausea and vomiting are common symptoms of endometrial cancer. This may be due to the cancer spreading to other parts of the body or due to chemotherapy treatment.
Treatment for endometrial cancer:
Surgery: Surgery is the most common treatment for endometrial cancer. The goal of surgery is to remove the cancerous tissue and to determine the stage of the cancer. This is done by performing a hysterectomy, which involves removing the uterus and surrounding tissue. In some cases, the ovaries and fallopian tubes may also be removed.
Radiation therapy: Radiation therapy uses high-energy beams to kill cancer cells. This treatment is often used after surgery to ensure that all of the cancer cells have been removed. Radiation therapy may also be used for endometrial cancer that has spread to other parts of the body.
Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy uses drugs to kill cancer cells. This treatment may be used before or after surgery to shrink the tumor and to prevent the cancer from spreading. Chemotherapy may also be used in advanced stages of endometrial cancer to slow the growth of the cancer.
Hormonal therapy: Hormonal therapy uses drugs to alter the levels of hormones in the body. This treatment is often used to treat endometrial cancer that is driven by hormones, such as estrogen. Hormonal therapy may be used after surgery to prevent the cancer from coming back or to slow the growth of the cancer.
Clinical trials: Clinical trials are studies that test new treatments for endometrial cancer. These trials may involve drugs, procedures, or devices that are not yet widely available. Clinical trials may be an option for women who have been diagnosed with endometrial cancer and are seeking new treatment options.