Sore gums, also known as gingivitis, are a common oral health concern that affects many people. The condition is characterized by inflammation and redness of the gums, as well as bleeding and tenderness when brushing or flossing. In severe cases, gingivitis can lead to gum recession and even tooth loss.
Symptoms of sore gums include:
- Red, swollen gums
- Tenderness or pain when brushing or flossing
- Bleeding when brushing or flossing
- Receding gums
- Persistent bad breath or bad taste in the mouth
- A change in the way the teeth fit together when biting
There are several causes of sore gums, including poor oral hygiene, smoking, certain medications, and certain medical conditions such as diabetes and HIV.
The best way to prevent sore gums is to maintain good oral hygiene, which includes brushing twice a day with a fluoride toothpaste, flossing daily, and using an antiseptic mouthwash. It is also important to see a dentist regularly for check-ups and cleanings.
Treatment for sore gums typically begins with a thorough cleaning by a dentist or dental hygienist. This may involve scaling and root planing, which involves removing plaque and tartar from the teeth and smoothing the roots to prevent bacteria from re-colonizing. In some cases, antibiotics may be prescribed to help fight the infection.
Other treatments for sore gums include:
- Use of an antimicrobial mouthwash or gel to help reduce plaque and bacteria
- Use of a soft toothbrush and a fluoride toothpaste
- Use of a dental night guard to prevent teeth grinding and clenching
- Use of orthodontic treatment to adjust the position of the teeth
- Use of laser therapy to kill bacteria and reduce inflammation
- Addressing underlying medical conditions that may be contributing to the problem
It’s important to note that sore gums are a serious oral health concern and should not be ignored. If left untreated, gingivitis can progress to periodontitis, a more advanced form of gum disease that can lead to tooth loss and other serious health problems. Therefore, it is important to see a dentist or dental hygienist regularly, and to seek treatment as soon as symptoms of sore gums appear.
In conclusion, sore gums are a common oral health concern that can be caused by poor oral hygiene, smoking, certain medications, and certain medical conditions. The best way to prevent sore gums is to maintain good oral hygiene and to see a dentist regularly. Treatment for sore gums typically begins with a thorough cleaning, and may include scaling and root planing, antibiotics, and other treatments as needed. If left untreated, gingivitis can progress to periodontitis, a more advanced form of gum disease that can lead to tooth loss and other serious health problems.