Sugar is a common ingredient in many foods and drinks, and it is often consumed in large quantities. But what is the nutritional value of sugar per 100g, and is it healthy for you?
First, let’s look at the nutritional value of sugar per 100g. According to the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), 100g of sugar contains 399 calories, 99.8g of carbohydrates, and 0g of protein, fat, and fiber. It also contains trace amounts of vitamins and minerals such as calcium and potassium.
While sugar does provide some energy in the form of calories, it is important to note that it is a source of “empty calories,” meaning it provides energy without any important nutrients. Additionally, consuming too much sugar can lead to weight gain and an increased risk of chronic diseases such as diabetes and heart disease.
The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends that adults and children reduce their daily intake of free sugars to less than 10% of their total energy intake. For a person consuming 2000 calories per day, this would be less than 50g of sugar, or about 12.5 teaspoons.
Additionally, consuming large amounts of sugar can lead to tooth decay and other oral health problems. The acid produced by bacteria in the mouth can erode tooth enamel and create cavities.
Sugar is also addictive, and consuming too much of it can lead to a cycle of cravings and overeating. This can make it difficult for people to control their weight and maintain a healthy diet.
It’s also worth noting that different types of sugars have different nutritional value. For example, natural sugars such as those found in fruits and vegetables provide some important nutrients, while added sugars do not.
In conclusion, while sugar per 100g does provide some energy, it is mostly empty calories and consuming too much of it can lead to weight gain and an increased risk of chronic diseases such as diabetes and heart disease. Additionally, consuming large amounts of sugar can lead to tooth decay and other oral health problems, and it can also be addictive. It’s important to be mindful of your sugar intake and to opt for natural sugars whenever possible.