What are the Symptoms of Kidney Infection and the Treatment for Kidney Infection?

Kidney infection, also known as pyelonephritis, is a type of urinary tract infection that affects one or both kidneys. It is caused by bacteria that travel up the ureters and infect the kidneys. Kidney infections can be serious and even life-threatening if left untreated, so it is important to recognize the symptoms and seek prompt treatment.

Symptoms of Kidney Infection

The symptoms of kidney infection typically develop suddenly and may include:

What are the Symptoms of Kidney Infection and the Treatment for Kidney Infection?

Pain or pressure in the lower back, side, or abdomen

Chills and fever

Nausea and vomiting

Fatigue and weakness

Urinary urgency and frequency

Cloudy or bloody urine

Pain or burning during urination

A strong, persistent urge to urinate

Low-grade fever

Foul-smelling urine

If you experience any of these symptoms, it is important to see a doctor as soon as possible. Your doctor will perform a physical examination and order diagnostic tests to confirm the diagnosis of a kidney infection. These tests may include a urine culture, blood tests, and imaging tests such as ultrasound, CT scan, or MRI.

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Treatment for Kidney Infection

The treatment for a kidney infection typically involves antibiotics to kill the bacteria causing the infection. Your doctor will choose an antibiotic based on the type of bacteria causing the infection and your overall health. Antibiotics are usually taken for 7 to 14 days, and it is important to finish the entire course of antibiotics, even if you start feeling better.

In addition to antibiotics, there are other measures that can help relieve symptoms and prevent complications. These may include:

Plenty of fluids: Drinking plenty of fluids can help flush the bacteria out of your urinary tract and reduce the risk of complications.

Pain relief: Over-the-counter pain relievers such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen can help relieve pain and reduce fever.

Warm compresses: Placing a warm compress on the affected area can help relieve pain and discomfort.

Bed rest: Your doctor may advise you to get plenty of bed rest to allow your body to heal.

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Follow-up care: It is important to follow up with your doctor to ensure that the infection has been completely treated and to monitor for any complications.

What are the Symptoms of Kidney Infection and the Treatment for Kidney Infection?

In severe cases, a kidney infection may lead to complications such as kidney scarring, sepsis, or even kidney failure. Therefore, it is important to seek prompt treatment to prevent these complications.


Kidney infection is a serious condition that requires prompt treatment to prevent complications. If you experience any of the symptoms of kidney infection, see your doctor as soon as possible. With proper treatment, most people recover from a kidney infection without any long-term complications.

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