Thyroid gland is a small butterfly-shaped gland located in the front part of the neck, just below the Adam’s apple. This gland is an important part of the endocrine system and it produces hormones that regulate the metabolism, heart rate, body temperature and weight. When the thyroid gland is not functioning properly, it can cause many health problems. The two main types of thyroid problems are hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid) and hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid).
Symptoms of Hyperthyroidism in Hindi
Increased heart rate – People with hyperthyroidism often have a rapid or irregular heartbeat.
Weight loss – Despite eating the same amount of food, people with hyperthyroidism may experience weight loss.
Nervousness and anxiety – People with hyperthyroidism may feel nervous, anxious, or irritable.
Sweating and heat intolerance – People with hyperthyroidism may experience excessive sweating or be unable to tolerate heat.
Increased appetite – People with hyperthyroidism may feel a constant hunger or have an increased appetite.
Fatigue – People with hyperthyroidism may feel tired and exhausted, even after getting enough sleep.
Tremors – People with hyperthyroidism may experience tremors in their hands and fingers.
Symptoms of Hypothyroidism in Hindi
Fatigue – People with hypothyroidism may feel tired and exhausted, even after getting enough sleep.
Weight gain – People with hypothyroidism may experience weight gain despite eating a normal diet.
Cold intolerance – People with hypothyroidism may be sensitive to cold temperatures and feel cold when others are comfortable.
Dry skin – People with hypothyroidism may experience dry, itchy skin.
Constipation – People with hypothyroidism may experience constipation.
Muscle weakness – People with hypothyroidism may experience muscle weakness, especially in the legs.
Depression – People with hypothyroidism may experience depression and mood changes.
Treatment for Hyperthyroidism in Hindi
- Antithyroid medicines – Antithyroid medicines are used to slow down the production of thyroid hormones.
- Radioactive iodine – Radioactive iodine is taken orally and it works by damaging the cells that produce thyroid hormones.
- Surgery – In severe cases of hyperthyroidism, surgery may be recommended to remove part or all of the thyroid gland.
- Beta blockers – Beta blockers are used to slow down the heart rate and reduce symptoms of hyperthyroidism.
Treatment for Hypothyroidism in Hindi
Thyroid hormone replacement therapy – Thyroid hormone replacement therapy involves taking a daily dose of a synthetic form of thyroid hormone, called levothyroxine.
Natural remedies – Some people may choose to treat their hypothyroidism with natural remedies such as diet and exercise.
Surgery – In severe cases of hypothyroidism, surgery may be recommended to remove part or all of the thyroid gland.
It is important to seek medical attention if you experience any symptoms of thyroid problems. Thyroid problems are common, but with proper treatment and management, people can lead a healthy and normal life.